Sometimes there is no time to go to the GP. How many times have you cut yourself cooking and had to heal the wound instantly? For situations like these, it is advisable to have a complete first aid kit.
The health problems that you will have to treat at home at first will be, especially, colds, digestive disorders, cuts, burns, joint pain and headaches. And these are the items you will need.
Basic items in any first aid kit
It is essential to have an antiseptic in case you cut yourself. The use of antiseptics such as chlorhexidine reduces the risk of infection in open wounds.
Once we have applied the antiseptic, the ideal is to cover the area to avoid rubbing with surfaces that can make it dirty or irritated. For this, it is convenient to have different sizes and models of strips for the different parts of the body.
They are useful to plug a hemorrhage, but also to apply antiseptic on wounds.
By coming tightly closed, we make sure they are germ-free. They are a fundamental article to have in a first aid kit.
4. Sticking plaster
It is a material that we will use to fix the gauze to the skin after covering a wound . It will also help us to securely close the bandages.
It is sometimes indicated for muscle or ligament injuries, such as a tug or a sprain. Immobilizing injured limbs can reduce pain and in some cases prevent a sprain from getting complicated.
It can also be used to make the first sling in case of upper limb injury; We will relieve the pain on the way to the emergency room.
The usefulness of bandages is limited to treat more serious injuries. If you suspect you may have a fracture, go to the emergency department immediately.
6. Scissors and tweezers
We are not talking about any scissors, but about medical scissors prepared for this purpose. The same goes for tweezers.
For the conservation of both utensils, we will reserve a particularly clean space in the medicine cabinet, although before storing them we have disinfected them.
7. Digital thermometer
It is preferable to use a digital thermometer before a traditional one of mercury, they are safer. They are also more accurate and practical: they let us know when the temperature is taken.
In addition, they have the advantage of coming in different formats for use on the forehead or in the ear, something that is much appreciated with children and even with adults who are weak.
8. Anti-fever analgesics
There is no medication that cures flu or other viral processes. However, what we can do is treat the symptoms.
Paracetamol and other pain relievers are useful drugs to reduce and control annoying flu symptoms such as fever and joint pain.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatories, such as ibuprofen, are analgesics that work by reducing inflammation in the painful area.
If our throat or back hurts, for example, anti-inflammatories may be more effective than a normal analgesic if there is an inflammatory process in the area that hurts. But it is important to know that they are not harmless medications and can have serious side effects if taken frequently.
Check with a doctor or pharmacist if you take anti-inflammatories often.
10. Antiemetics and antidiarrheals
We cannot forget to add antiemetics and antidiarrheals to our first aid kit.
If vomiting and diarrhea are the product of stomach flu or viral gastroenteritis, antidiarrheals or antiemetics can help us control symptoms and prevent dehydration. Although in these cases it is best not to intervene, if the symptoms are extreme the drugs can relieve them.
However, if you have a fever, malaise, and abdominal pain, it is not recommended that you use them. These symptoms may indicate a bacterial infection, and in that case, stopping diarrhea or vomiting may be counterproductive.
Consult a doctor as soon as possible if diarrhea or vomiting is so extreme that you need medication to treat them.